October 27 1915
the Shackleton party officially left the Endurance, the newly constructed polar explorer ship, as it was crushed in the ice sheet in the Weddell Sea.
The loss was an end to Shackleton’s mission for a continental crossing, as their greater task was to reach the coast and get help from South Georgia. After a harrowing journey across ice and sea, they reached Elephant Island, 346 miles from the lost Endurance.
Five men set out in a long boat, sailing over 720 nautical Miles to reach South Georgia, to return to help to the rest of the crew stranded in Antarctica. The journey would be known as the Voyage of the James Caird. The ordeal was expertly photographed by Frank Hurley.
Four and a half months Shackleton was able to organize a rescue for the stranded party, and they returned to England as heroes.
Though no one perished in the Weddell Sea party, the party aboard the Aurora, who where responsible for setting catches on the other side of the continent, fell to their own hardships and lost three men. They where also rescued and returned to England, though their story is often unfortunately under shadowed by the Endurance party.
Though the expedition did not fulfill it’s intended purpose, the story’s of Shackelton’s men remain one of the most popular in Antarctic history.